Protocol watch


Eswatini ratified the Maputo Protocol October 15th, 2012 and signed on December 7th, 2004.


  • Eswatini signed the amended SADC Gender and Development Protocol, which includes provisions to align countries’ among other things, with UNSCR1325[1]


  • Election of Women Act: meant to realize women’s constitutional right to proper representation in the House of assembly by enforcing quotas[2]
  • Launch of the Ending Child Marriage Campaign in Lesotho, backed by Princess Senate of Lesotho[3]


  • National Development Plan 2019-2022 sets out to increase % of funds allocated to Gender and Family issues programs from 0.0.14% of the National Budget to 10% of the Budget[4]
  • High Court rules marital power to be unconstitutional and strikes down Sections 24-25 of The Marriage Act No. 47/1964.16[5]


Desmidt, Sophie and Davis, Laura (2019), “Discussion Paper No.245 Rhetoric and real progress on the Women,Peace and Security agenda in Africa”.

Swaziland Government Gazatte (2018), “The Elections of Women Members to the House of Assembly Act, 2018”. 

UN Lesotho (2008), “Princess Senate of Lesotho inaugurated as the National Champion to ‘end child marriages’”.

Ministry of Economic Planning & Development Kingdom of Eswatini (2019), “National Development Plan 2019/20-2021/22 Towards EconomicRecovery”. 

Sacolo and Another v Sacolo and Others (1403/2016), 2019.