Protocol watch


Sudan did not ratify the Maputo Protocol, but signed on June, 2008. 

  • According to Article 29 (2:b) of the 2008 National Election Act,‘twenty five per cent of the women members shall be elected on the basis of proportional representation at the state level from separate and closed partylists’. Voters vote for only one women’s list of their choice. Only parties whose women’s lists clear the 4% threshold qualify to access seats reserved for women. Seats are allocated according to proportional representation among these parties. Furthermore, ‘the seats designated to women’s lists shall be won by the candidates of those lists in the order their names appear in the list concerned from top to bottom’ (National Election Act 2008, Article 33)
  • “Sudan has committed to eliminate child, early and forced marriage by 2030 in line with target 5.3 of the Sustainable Development Goals. Sudan co-sponsored the 2017 Human Rights Council resolution recognising the need to address child, early and forced marriage in humanitarian contexts. In 2014 Sudan signed a joint statement at the Human Rights Council calling for a resolution on child marriage.
  • Sudan 2019 Constitution: Transitional Period, Mandate of Transitional Period(7) Guarantee and promote women’s rights in Sudan in all social, political, and economic fields, and combat all forms of discrimination against women, taking into account provisional preferential measures in both war and peace circumstances
  • The 2015 amendment to the Criminal Act, distinguishing rape from adultery, has not yet been widely disseminated among the police in remote locations, where sexual violence has been prevalent. Moreover, the absence of a comprehensive witness protection and reparations law, inadequate legal aid and the limited presence of rule of law institutions in remote locations continue to discourage survivors from seeking justice.”