Protocol watch


Egypt has not signed nor ratified the Maputo Protocol. 

  • Government’s Programme of Action 2018/2022: building the capacity of equal opportunity units and the presence of a percentage of women benefiting from national projects.
  • Article 11 of the 2014 Constitution: “The state commits to achieving equality between women and men in all civil, political, economic, social, and cultural rights in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution. The state commits to taking the necessary measures to ensure appropriate representation of women in the houses of parliament, in the manner specified by law. It grants women the right to hold public posts and high management posts in the state, and to appointment in judicial bodies and entities without discrimination.
  • 2017 National Strategy for Empowering Egyptian Women 2030 that includes four axes: political empowerment, economic empowerment, social empowerment and protection.
  • The Department of Combating Violence against Women was established by the Ministry of Justice. It implements legislation relating to the protection of women and provides training for judges to deal with such violence.

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